Grain drying research guides farmers in harvest and winter storage plans

As harvest approaches, propane is a key ingredient for anyone using a high-temperature system to dry corn.

A case study conducted by Mark Hanna, agricultural and biosystems engineering specialist for Iowa State University Extension, can help farmers as they plan for harvest and winter storage.

“Considering that propane makes up such a large proportion of the energy needed for drying, farmers may want to compare their own propane consumption to the measurements from the case study,” Hanna said, in an Extension news release.

The case study results are featured in an updated publication from ISU Extension. “Energy Consumption during Grain Drying” (PM 3063C) is available for download from the ISU Extension Online Store,

Data from the two-year case study indicate that, on average, high temperature bin drying on Iowa farms uses approximately 0.019 gallons of propane per point of moisture removed per bushel of corn.

In this study, propane measurements ranged from 0.015 to 0.022 gallons of propane per point per bushel.

“This case study provides benchmark information to help farmers estimate the propane needed for fall drying,” Hanna said. “For one 80-acre field of corn, those savings can add up to hundreds or even thousands of dollars.”

For example, incoming corn at 23 percent moisture content required approximately 150 gallons of propane per 1,000 bushels of corn to dry down to 15 percent moisture content. However, incoming corn at 18 percent moisture content required only 75 gallons of propane to dry the same amount of corn down to 15 percent.

Led by Hanna, three Iowa State farm trials were instrumental in measuring propane and electricity used for grain drying during the 2013 and 2014 harvest seasons.

The participating ISU Research and Demonstration farms included the Northeast farm near Nashua and the Armstrong Memorial farm near Lewis, as well as the Ag 450 teaching farm near Ames.

Additional support for this project was provided by a grant from the Iowa Energy Center.

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